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Step-by-Step Guide: Installing and Customizing WordPress on CentOS 7

Installing WordPress on CentOS 7

Are you looking to install WordPress on your CentOS 7 operating system? If so, you’re in luck.

In this article, we’ll walk you through the step-by-step process of installing WordPress on CentOS 7, starting from the installation of required prerequisites to configuring Apache.

Prerequisites

Before we dive into the installation process, let’s first take a look at the prerequisites. You’ll need to have sudo privileges on your CentOS 7 machine, and have already installed Apache and PHP 7.2. Additionally, you’ll need an SSL certificate to ensure secure communication between your server and clients.

Creating the MySQL Database

Now that you have all of your prerequisites ready, let’s create a MySQL database. You can download and install MariaDB using the command `sudo yum install mariadb mariadb-server`, but you can also use MySQL.

Once installed, open the MySQL shell by typing `sudo mysql`. Create a new database and a new user account with the following SQL statement:

“`

CREATE DATABASE wordpress;

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO ‘your_username’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘your_password’;

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

“`

Make sure to replace `your_username` and `your_password` with your desired values.

This will allow the user account to have full permissions on the `wordpress` database.

Downloading WordPress

Next, head to the WordPress download page and download the latest version of WordPress using the command `sudo wget https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz`. Once the archive is downloaded, extract it using the command `sudo tar -zxvf latest.tar.gz`.

Move the extracted contents to your Apache document root directory using the command `sudo mv wordpress/* /var/www/html/`. Finally, give the Apache user permissions to modify the files using the command `sudo chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/`.

Configuring Apache

Now that WordPress is installed, you’ll need to configure Apache. Start by installing an SSL certificate and configuring Apache to redirect HTTP to HTTPS:

“`

sudo yum install mod_ssl

sudo systemctl restart httpd

sudo vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf

“`

In the `ssl.conf` file, uncomment the line that begins with `SSLCertificateFile` and replace it with the path to your SSL certificate. Uncomment the line that begins with `SSLCertificateKeyFile` and replace it with the path to your SSL private key.

Finally, uncomment the `RewriteEngine On` and `RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}$1 [R=301,L]` lines to redirect HTTP to HTTPS.

WordPress Installation Through Web Interface

Now that Apache is configured correctly, you can install WordPress through its web interface.

Selecting Language and Starting Setup

Navigate to your server’s IP address on your preferred web browser. You’ll be prompted to select a language for your WordPress site.

Once you’ve selected your preferred language, click on “Continue”. You’ll be prompted to provide the database connection details including the username, password, and database name.

Name and Username for WordPress Site

The next step is to name your WordPress site and create a username and password for the admin account. Be sure to use a strong password and an easy-to-understand site name.

Email Address and Search Engine Indexing

WordPress will then ask for your email address and whether or not you want to discourage search engines from indexing your site. We do not recommend discouraging search engine indexing, as this might prevent your site from appearing in search results.

WordPress Login and Administration Dashboard

Congratulations! Once you’ve completed the installation process, you can now log in to your WordPress installation with the username and password you created earlier. Once logged in, you can customize your site’s theme, install plugins, and start creating content.

Conclusion

By following the steps outlined in this article, you can successfully install WordPress on CentOS 7. Remember to complete each step carefully, and make sure to secure your server by using SSL for secure communication between your server and clients.

With WordPress up and running, you can now create your own custom website with ease. Now that you have successfully installed WordPress on your CentOS 7 operating system, it’s time to take the first steps with WordPress.

In this expansion, we’ll discuss how to configure your WordPress site to get the most out of your installation.

Apache Configuration

One of the most important things to consider when configuring your CentOS 7 installation is Apache. Use the following command to start Apache:

“`

sudo systemctl start httpd

“`

If you want to ensure that Apache starts automatically every time the server is restarted, use the following command:

“`

sudo systemctl enable httpd

“`

Once Apache is running, you may need to configure your virtual hosts. This is especially important if you plan to host multiple websites on your server.

To configure a virtual host, create a new Apache configuration file by using the following command:

“`

sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/example.com.conf

“`

Replace `example.com` with the name of your website. Then, add the following configuration to your file:

“`

ServerName example.com

DocumentRoot /var/www/example.com/public_html

ErrorLog /var/www/example.com/error.log

CustomLog /var/www/example.com/access.log combined

“`

Make sure to replace `example.com` with your desired domain name and the associated file paths with your actual file paths.

Save the file and exit.

Database Management

Once you have configured Apache, the next thing to consider is database management. Managing your WordPress database is crucial as it’s where all of your site’s data is stored.

One way to manage databases is to use phpMyAdmin. To install phpMyAdmin, use the following command:

“`

sudo yum install phpmyadmin

“`

Then, modify your Apache configuration to include the following lines:

“`

Alias /phpmyadmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin

Options none

AllowOverride Limit

Require all granted

“`

Once you’ve modified your configuration, restart Apache using the following command:

“`

sudo systemctl restart httpd.service

“`

Navigate to `http://your_domain_name/phpmyadmin` to access the phpMyAdmin interface. Here, you can manage your WordPress database by creating tables, inserting data, and performing other database-related tasks.

Themes and Plugins

One of the best things about WordPress is its ability to be customized through themes and plugins. WordPress themes allow you to change the look and feel of your site, while plugins add new features and functionality.

To add a new theme, navigate to the Appearance menu in WordPress and click on the “Add New” button. From there, you can browse and install new themes directly from the WordPress repository.

To add a new plugin, navigate to the Plugins menu in WordPress and click on the “Add New” button. Here, you can search for and install new plugins directly from the WordPress repository.

Once you’ve installed a new theme or plugin, make sure to activate it from the respective menus. Then, you can start customizing your site to your heart’s content.

Conclusion

By following the steps outlined in this expansion, you can configure your WordPress site on CentOS 7 to get the most out of your installation. From configuring Apache to managing your database, WordPress offers a wealth of options for customization and functionality.

With these tools at your disposal, you can create a unique and powerful website that stands out from the rest. In this article, we discussed the step-by-step process of installing WordPress on CentOS 7.

By following the detailed instructions, you can successfully install WordPress on your server with Apache and configure it for optimal performance. We covered topics such as creating a MySQL database, downloading WordPress, configuring Apache, and managing your WordPress site through themes and plugins.

With these tools at your disposal, you can create a unique and powerful website that stands out from the rest. Always remember to secure your server with SSL, and take care to manage your database to protect your site’s data.

By focusing on these key points, you can build a website that meets your needs and goals.

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