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Mastering Remote Access: Connecting to a VNC Server on Linux Mint 20

Linux Mint is a popular open-source operating system that is widely used by developers, system administrators, and other tech-savvy individuals. One of the most important features of Linux Mint is its ability to support remote access, allowing users to connect to a system remotely and perform numerous tasks.

In this article, we will discuss how to install VNC Server on Linux Mint 20, which is essential for remote access. Well also cover the installation of XFCE Desktop and how to confirm it.

This article is structured in a logical flow, and we will use rhetorical devices to make it engaging and memorable. Installing VNC Server on Linux Mint 20:

Before we dive into installing VNC server on Linux Mint 20, well first install the desktop environment.

The most popular desktop environment for Linux is XFCE. Installing the Desktop Environment:

The installation process for XFCE Desktop on Linux Mint is quite simple.

Open Terminal on your system, and type the following command:

sudo apt-get install xfce4

Once the installation is completed, you need to configure it by selecting the desktop environment at the login screen. Installing VNC Server:

After installing the XFCE desktop, the next step is to install the VNC server.

Well use the tight

vncserver package to install the VNC server on Linux Mint 20. Again, open the Terminal to execute the following command:

sudo apt-get install -y tight

vncserver

This package will install the VNC server on the system. Once the installation is completed, the system will prompt you to set up a VNC server password.

This password is essential for remote access to the system from another machine. Configuring VNC:

After installing the VNC server, we need to configure it properly.

The VNC server uses the xstartup file to initiate the Desktop Environment, and the service file is used to start the VNC server. Well start by editing the xstartup file.

In the Terminal, type the following command:

nano ~/.vnc/xstartup

Here, youll place the following lines of code:

#!/bin/bash

xrdb $HOME/.Xresources

startxfce4 &

Save and exit the file. The next step is to create a service file to start the VNC server automatically.

In the Terminal, type the following command:

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/

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Here, well place the following code:

[Unit]

Description=Remote desktop service (VNC)

After=syslog.target network.target

StartLimitIntervalSec=0

[Service]

Type=forking

User=USER_NAME

Group=USER_NAME

PIDFile=/home/USER_NAME/.vnc/%H:%i.pid

ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/

vncserver -kill :%i > /dev/null 2>&1 || :

ExecStart=/usr/bin/

vncserver -depth 24 -geometry 1920×1080 :%i

ExecStop=/usr/bin/

vncserver -kill :%i

[Install]

WantedBy=multi-user.target

Make sure to replace the USER_NAME with the actual users name. Save and exit the file and activate the service using the following command:

sudo systemctl enable

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SSH Tunnel:

Its highly recommended to use an SSH tunnel to encrypt VNC traffic.

To create an SSH tunnel, you need to have SSH client installed on your local machine. In the Terminal, type the following command:

ssh -L 5901:localhost:5901 -N -f -l USER_NAME SERVER_ADDRESS

Replace USER_NAME with your actual users name, and SERVER_ADDRESS with the Linux Mint systems IP address.

This command will create a tunnel between the local and the remote machine. Connecting to VNC Server:

We are now ready to connect to the VNC server.

First, install the VNC viewer on your local machine. Once installed, open it and enter SERVER_ADDRESS:1 as the remote systems desktop name, with 1 being the VNC display number that we used earlier.

Youll be prompted for the VNC server password that you set up earlier. Once youve entered the password, youll be connected to the remote systems desktop.

Installing XFCE Desktop:

Now that weve installed the VNC server on Linux Mint 20, well move on to XFCE desktop installation. Open Terminal and type the following command:

sudo apt-get install xfce4

This command will install XFCE desktop on your Linux Mint system. After the installation is completed, log out of the current session and select XFCE from the desktop session to log back in.

Confirming XFCE Desktop Installation:

Its essential to confirm that the installation of XFCE Desktop was successful. In the Terminal, type the following command:

echo $DESKTOP_SESSION

The system should return xfce as the result, confirming the successful installation of XFCE Desktop.

Conclusion:

In this article, we discussed how to install VNC Server on Linux Mint 20 and XFCE Desktop environment. We covered various topics, including configuring VNC, creating an SSH tunnel, and connecting to VNC server.

We also provided steps to confirm the successful installation of the XFCE desktop. We hope that this article will be useful to those wanting to set up remote access on their Linux Mint system.

In this article, we will cover the installation and configuration process of Tight

vncserver on Linux Mint. Tight

vncserver is a fast and reliable VNC server, which allows remote access to another system’s desktop environment.

Installing Tight

vncserver:

The installation of Tight

vncserver on Linux Mint is quite simple. Firstly, open the Terminal and enter the following command:

sudo apt-get install tight

vncserver

This command will install the Tight

vncserver package on the system and allow you to run it. Running Tight

vncserver:

Once the installation is completed, you can start Tight

vncserver by executing the following command in the Terminal:

vncserver

This command will create a new session and prompt you to enter the VNC server password. It’s essential to set a strong password to ensure secure access to the remote system.

Configuring VNC:

After installing Tight

vncserver, the next step is to configure it properly. This section will cover various configuration steps to ensure optimal performance.

Killing the VNC session:

If you want to end the session, you need to kill the current VNC instance. Open the Terminal and type the following command:

vncserver -kill :1

Replace “:1” with the number of the VNC display that you want to kill. Editing the xstartup file:

To ensure that the VNC server initiates the Desktop Environment automatically, we need to edit the xstartup file.

In the Terminal, type the following command:

vim ~/.vnc/xstartup

This command will open the Vim text editor, where you can make necessary changes to the file. We’ll add the following code to the file:

#!/bin/bash

xrdb $HOME/.Xresources

startxfce4 &

This code will allow the VNC server to start XFCE Desktop Environment automatically when the user connects remotely.

Save and exit the file. Making the xstartup file executable:

The xstartup file needs to be executable, or else it won’t run.

To make the file executable, enter the following command in the Terminal:

chmod +x ~/.vnc/xstartup

Creating a service file for VNC server:

To start the VNC server automatically whenever the system boots, we must create a service file. In the Terminal, enter the following command:

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/

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Here, we create the service file for VNC server, which includes the code below:

[Unit]

Description=Remote desktop service (VNC)

After=syslog.target network.target

[Service]

Type=forking

User=username

Group=username

PIDFile=/home/username/.vnc/%H%i.pid

ExecStartPre=-/usr/bin/

vncserver -kill :%i > /dev/null 2>&1

ExecStart=/usr/bin/

vncserver -depth 24 -geometry 1280×800 -localhost :%i

ExecStop=/usr/bin/

vncserver -kill :%i

[Install]

WantedBy=multi-user.target

Make sure to replace the “username” with the actual system user’s name.

Save and exit the file. Reloading the systemd processes:

After creating the service file, we need to reload the systemd processes to ensure that the changes are recognized.

In the Terminal, enter the following command:

systemctl daemon-reload

Starting the VNC server service:

To start the VNC server service, enter the following command:

sudo systemctl start

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Make sure to replace “1” with the actual display number. Enabling VNC server service to start at boot:

To enable the VNC server service to start automatically whenever the system boots, enter the following command:

sudo systemctl enable

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Make sure to replace “1” with the actual display number.

Checking VNC service status:

To check the status of the VNC server service, enter the following command:

sudo systemctl status

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This command will provide information about the service and confirm that the service is running. Conclusion:

In this article, we have covered the installation and configuration process of Tight

vncserver on Linux Mint.

We have discussed various steps involved in configuring the VNC server to ensure optimal performance. We hope that this article has been useful to those who want to enable remote access to their Linux Mint system and ensure secure access to the remote system.

In this article, we will discuss the process of connecting to a VNC server on Linux Mint 20. Connecting to a VNC server will allow you to remotely access another system’s desktop environment.

Setting up SSH tunnel:

Before connecting to the VNC server, it’s essential to set up an SSH tunnel to secure the connection. Open a Terminal window and enter the following command:

ssh -L 5901:localhost:5901 -N -f -l username server-ip-address

Make sure to replace “username” with your actual system username, and “server-ip-address” with the IP address of the server where VNC server is running.

Installing VNC Client application:

After setting up the SSH tunnel, the next step is to install a VNC client application on your local machine. There are multiple options for VNC clients, but RealVNC Viewer is a popular choice.

Download and install the RealVNC Viewer on your local machine. Launching VNC viewer application and entering IP address:

Once the VNC client application is installed, launch the RealVNC Viewer and enter the IP address of the remote system.

Make sure to add “:1” at the end of the IP address, where “1” represents the display number of the VNC server. Click “Continue” to connect to the VNC server.

Authenticating connection using VNC server password:

After clicking “Continue,” the VNC Viewer will prompt you to enter the VNC server password. Enter the password that you set up earlier during the installation process.

The Authentication dialog box will indicate the success of the connection establishment. Establishing remote desktop connection:

Once you have authenticated the connection with the VNC server using the password, you can now remotely connect to the remote system’s desktop.

Press “Enter” to view the remote system’s desktop. You will now be able to control and navigate the remote system’s desktop using your local machine.

Conclusion:

In this article, we have discussed the process of connecting to a VNC server on Linux Mint 20. We have highlighted the importance of setting up an SSH tunnel to secure the connection.

We have also covered the steps involved in installing a VNC client application, launching the VNC viewer application and entering the IP address of the remote system, authenticating the connection using the VNC server password, and finally, establishing the remote desktop connection. By following these steps, you can easily connect to a VNC server on Linux Mint 20 and remotely access another system’s desktop environment.

This ability to remotely connect to systems is essential for system administrators and developers who work on remote servers. In conclusion, connecting to a VNC server on Linux Mint 20 is crucial for remote access to another system’s desktop environment.

By installing and configuring the Tight

vncserver, setting up an SSH tunnel for secure connection, and using a VNC client application, users can establish a remote desktop connection easily. The key steps include setting up the SSH tunnel, installing a VNC client application, entering the IP address, authenticating the connection with the VNC server password, and establishing the remote desktop connection.

Remote access capabilities are invaluable for system administrators and developers, enabling seamless management and troubleshooting of remote systems. Overall, the ability to connect remotely to a VNC server on Linux Mint 20 is a vital skill that empowers users with flexibility and efficiency in their work.

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